Roman Amphitheatre of Chieti
Amphitheatre of Teate Marrucinorum (the ancient Chieti) dates back to the
first century AD. and was built at the foot of the Acropolis. The original
structure, now part of the Civitella Archaeological Park, is easily
recognizable thanks to the presence of the wall that delimited the arena
(podium) in beaten earth and elliptical shape. The amphitheatre was built at the
behest of Marco Vettio Marcello, imperial prosecutor of the city, and his
wife Elvidia Priscilla, remembered by many historians, including Pliny.
In the 19th century, during the Bourbon reign, the esplanade was remodelled
to house Piazza d' Armi and in modern times the Magistral Institute with
gymnasium and football field. In 1982, excavations carried out for the
construction of a water reservoir brought to light remains of the old
building and a proto-historical material drainage pit.
that date until the end of 1994 began a hard excavation work by the
Archaeological Superintendence which, first of all, freed from modern
structures and then brought to light much of the Roman building. The
amphitheatre (60x40 m. approximately) has an elliptical plant and follows
the natural course of the soil, along the slopes of the Civitella hill. It
was directly connected, through the entrances lined up along the main axis
of the building, with the urban road system to the north and suburban to the
south. The excavations have brought to light the structures of the two
systems of access north and south of the wall that delimits the arena
("podium") and the grandstand of honour ("suggestum"), as well as the
masonry structure, located on the western side of the ellipse, covered in a
bichrome "opus reticolatum" with stone and brick resorts. The arena of the
amphitheatre is in beaten earth, while the cavea sits partly directly on the
ground and partly on a wall in "opus reticolatum". Archaeological
investigations have highlighted the collapse of the southern entrance and
the collapse of the seabed of the building due to instability of the ground
and infiltration of water from the top of the hill. Over the centuries the
area has been subjected to numerous ravages. Today the amphitheatre is an
integral part of the Civitella archaeological park.
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Where is it located?
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