What to see
Nice, one of
France's most important cities, is situated
in a splendid position amidst mountains and sea,
boasting an ancient history. In the site known as
"Terra Amata", on which the archaeological
museum dedicated to prehistoric times is now
located, the traces of mankind date back 400,000
years ago. Between 600 and 900 BC. the coastal
area was occupied by the Ligurians who founded the
first Oppidum. In 154 BC. the Romans arrived in the
area. It is the beginning of the "Roman province",
from which the
name given to the region derived. Testimonies of the
ancient Roman cemenelum can be seen at the
archaeological museum set up on
the site of Cimiez and in the surrounding
area where the amphitheatre and part of the thermal
baths are visible.
If the traces of the ancient history of Nice are extremely
fascinating, just as wonderful are the testimonies of the Baroque
period, particularly concentrated in the old town, the "vila vila"
characterized by narrow alleys where beautiful churches and splendid
palaces stand, such as
one of the most interesting examples of Baroque civil architecture
and in which is housed the Museum of musical instruments, an
extraordinary museum that contains more than 500 musical instruments,
including some historical examples.
the 19th century, with the development of winter tourism in
particular by Russian and Northern European tourists, the city had
an important economic development. The construction of the "Promenade
des Anglais"dates back to this period, at that
time a narrow path financed by the English community that lived in
the area and that today is one of the main symbols of the city, a
long seven-kilometre-long avenue that stretches from the airport
to almost the port. The promenade des Anglais, from which you can
enjoy a spectacular view of the Bay of Angels, as well as being the
privileged place for strolls, the place where elegant hotels and
beautiful villas stand, such as
is the stage of some of the most important events that take place in
Nice, first of all the Carnival held every year in February.
Carnival of Nice
has very ancient origins, with the first evidence dating back to
1289, even if the modern carnival is considered born in 1873, when
the Committee of Festivals was created. The municipality, also in
consideration of the many tourists present in the city, had decided
to enliven the event. An integral part of the Carnival is the famous
battle of flowers that was held for the first time in 1876.
The parade is made up of twenty floats, richly decorated with
flowers that are planted in November so as to ensure that they are
ready for the month of February. The decoration procedure, given
the considerable size of the wagons, is very laborious and for
each wagon between 4000 and 5000 flowers are needed. The flowers
used are gerberas, daisies, irises and above all mimosas, flower
that is a symbol of the city of Nice. From the youthful wagons
models and models launch thousands of flowers to the spectators.
Sun, sea, festive events, but in Nice the visitor has the
opportunity to visit interesting museums. In addition to the two
sites of Terra Amata and Cimiez that are part of the archaeological
museum, in Nice tourists have the opportunity to visit, among others,
the museums dedicated to Marc Chagall and Henri Matisse.
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